27. February 2022

Observation of the Wannier-Stark ladder in plasmonic waveguide arrays arXiv preprint arXiv:2203.10004

Helene Wetter, Zlata Fedorova, Stefan Linden

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Evanescently coupled waveguides are a powerful platform to study and visualize the wave dynamics in tight-binding systems. Here, we investigate the propagation of surface plasmon polaritons in arrays of dielectric loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides with a propagation constant gradient acting as an effective external potential. Using leakage radiation microscopy, we observe in real-space for single site excitation a periodic breathing of the wavepacket and an oscillatory motion in the case of Gaussian excitation of multiple waveguides. The corresponding momentum resolved spectra are composed of sets of equally spaced modes. We interpret these observation as the plasmonic analogues of Bloch oscillations and the Wannier-Stark ladder, respectively.

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